Miguel A. L. Nicolelis, M.D., Ph.D.
Miguel A. L. Nicolelis, M.D., Ph.D., is the Duke School of Medicine Professor of Neuroscience; professor of neurobiology, biomedical engineering, and psychology and neuroscience; and founder of the Duke University Center for Neuroengineering. He is founder and scientific director of the Edmond and Lily Safra International Institute of Neuroscience of Natal. Nicolelis is also founder of the Walk Again Project, an international consortium of scientists and engineers dedicated to the development of an exoskeleton device to assist severely paralyzed patients in regaining full-body mobility. Nicolelis, who proposed and demonstrated that animals and human subjects can utilize their electrical brain activity to directly control neuroprosthetic devices via brain-machine interfaces (BMI), is a member of the French and Brazilian Academies of Science, holds three U.S. patents, and has been published in Nature, Science, and Scientific American.
Brain-to-Brain Interfaces: When Reality Meets Science Fiction
Every memory that we have, act that we perform, and feeling that we experience creates brainstorms—interactions of millions of cells that produce electrical signals. Neuroscientists are now able to record those signals, extract the kind of motor commands that the brain is about to produce, and communicate the commands to machines that can understand them and facilitate movement in the human body. Research in this area has the potential to help paraplegics and others suffering from spinal-cord injuries to control machines with their thoughts and to bolster their ability to get around.